Monthly Archives: October 2013

Employability through Training and Education

Employability through Training and Education

Source:-India Education Review
Compliled and Restructured in the interests of OUR YOUTHS
Kalpesh M.Chhaya
According to the survey, carried out by a number of agencies, more than 70 percent of our engineering graduates are not employable. Dr Kalam has rightly said that India does not have problem of unemployment but unemployability. The graduates lack other skills beside the academic or technical skills. The top three most important general skills identified were integrity, reliability and teamwork, while the top three most important specific skills are entrepreneurship, communication in English and use of modern tools and technologies.
If colleges want to improve the employability of their graduates, they have to focus on reducing these important skill gaps through improvements in curriculum and teaching methods. The Universities are required to play a significant role for the same so that graduates have to be able to formulate, analyse, and solve a real life problem using standard engineering techniques.
Each institution should define the set of skills that a graduate is supposed to have after each semester. Further, colleges need to change pedagogical style from teacher-centric to student-centric, and include more assignments for students to independently analyse and apply tools on real life problems. Only through such changes in the teaching-learning process will the future engineers become more employable.
Swami Vivekananda always used to say that “Education is the manifestation of perfection already in men”, “We are all powerful, and we can do everything”. This quote inspires us to upgrade ourselves continuously through solving real life problems by applying the knowledge gained in the classroom lectures.
Employers, universities and professional bodies agree that we need to develop professionals who are highly skilled and ready to face the challenges of increased competition. More than ever we need professionals who are responsive to economic, social, cultural, technical and environmental change and can work flexibly and intelligently across business contexts. The industry requires new graduates who understand the part they play in building their organisations, and have the practical skills to work effectively in their roles. However, really contributing in the workplace means more than having the necessary technical skills. It means engaging with the organisation and its goals, understanding the dynamics of the workplace, and taking up a job role with an informed knowledge of all of its requirements.
It also means applying a broad range of employability skills learned in many contexts and through a range of experiences. These are the skills, attitudes and actions that enable workers to get along with their fellow workers and supervisors and to make sound, critical decisions. Unlike occupational or technical skills, employability skills are generic in nature rather than job specific and cut across all industry types, business sizes, and job levels from the entry-level worker to the senior-most position.
Educational curriculum needs to be examined from time to time in order to ensure that the education received by students is relevant and up to date. Industrial training received by students need to be looked into and revised in term of its effectiveness to assured that students are clear with their job scopes later on. Besides that, instructors should practice employability skill during teaching and learning session so that it could assist students to understand ways of applying the skills by themselves.

Motivators and counsellors have to cooperate with institutions in the process of giving guidance and inspirations to students regarding the ways to increase employability skill from time to time in order to be excellent workers. Apart from that, apprentice programs are suggested to be carried out so that students will be able to understand employability skill better. This program will also serve the purpose to make students realized that employability skill is as important as technical skills.
The higher education sector is characterized by diversity; course and student profiles are different and universities aim to develop students with distinct characteristics or attributes. Universities are required to work in developing employability skills in their students by providing academic staff with relevant support and resources, integrating these skills into curriculum and course design, providing students with work placements and exposure to professional settings and providing advice and guidance through career services. The following are few suggestions:

1. An Employability Strategy Fund should be created;
2. The employability skills in all university curriculum are to be explicitly identified;
3. The teaching and assessment of employability skills are to be enhanced;
4. Provide funding for universities to systematically review their work on developing employability skills.

If the strategies related to the programmes for the development of employability skills are formulated and monitored religiously then Dr. Kalam’s vision of India being a developed country will be achieved in a true sense.
An approach through GOBAL PERSPECTIVES-Relevant in all sense.
An educated and trained workforce is essential if we want to develop and maintain a viable economy. From an individual perspective, preparation is the key to employability. Sound decisions regarding initial education and training are important, but people actually need to continue learning throughout their lifetimes.

Need for Education and Training
Education and training are very important for individual progress and for the future of society. Every individual needs to be diligent, skilled, and faithful in developing their talents. Education and training are two of the primary ways we become good stewards of our talents and, therefore, become excellent in our work and set good examples for others.

For many adults, further education and training may not seem like an available option. Even if formal education courses are not obtainable, expanding their knowledge daily should be the goal for those who want to develop and use their talents in the workplace. Many career strategy experts agree that unless people continue to develop their skills they’re likely to find themselves left out of the workplace.

Education and Training
Research reveals that, although either Education or Training can be beneficial in enhancing career opportunities, for people to develop their full career potential, both education and training are needed. The following are the most common education and training options available for people who want to increase the likelihood of a successful career.
1. Do-it-yourself learning. Many smaller companies can’t afford to assist their employees or they haven’t realized the need to upgrade the skill of their employees. If this is the case, your education and training must become your responsibility. Those who are proactive toward improving their skills and knowledge will keep pace with changing career trends. Those who seek additional education or upgrade their training only after their job situation demands it or because they are forced to by their employers may, during an economic turndown, find that they are no longer needed by their employers.
2. On the job training. Many companies offer training to their employees. Find out if your business or organization offers training programs or tuition assistance; let it be known that you are interested in upgrading your skills.
3. Apprenticeships. The great value of apprenticeships is that they allow people to get hands-on experience in the occupational field they’re considering. With a new emphasis on quality, companies realize that quality does not come without experience and training. If you are in transition to a new occupation, check to see if there are apprentice programs available.
4. Internship. Internships provide academic orientation and training in a work environment. Minimum qualifications can vary from a high school diploma to graduate school, depending on the field. Benefits from internship vary widely. Some pay a salary; others offer only room and board, and some may provide only the opportunity for on-the-job experience and training.
5. Cooperative education. Cooperative education (Co-op) programs are structured programs that alternate terms of work with terms of instruction. Co-op programs are especially good because they allow students to gain experience in a field of work or an insight into a particular company.
6. Military education and training. The armed forces offer some great opportunities for leadership and technical training. Tuition assistance programs are available for everyone, and college classes are available on most military installations. The military option isn’t for everyone, but for those who are young and want to serve their country it can be beneficial.
7. Vocational and technical schools. Nearly every community in America has a technical school within reasonable driving distance. Most vo-tech schools are government sponsored and therefore are relatively inexpensive. These schools typically have good relationships with local companies and know what specific occupations are needed in the local economy.
8. Community colleges. Community colleges are one of the great resources of our country and offer a tremendous education bargain. They offer a wide range of education and training courses at a relatively inexpensive tuition and within easy driving distance of most people. Because they have such a close relationship with local businesses, community colleges should be able to help you learn about specific occupations that are available in your area.
9. Four year colleges and universities. Because college costs are escalating rapidly and jobs for college graduates are decreasing, we encourage you carefully to consider all the other options before you enrol in a four-year course of study. We suggest you consider education and training in light of the realities of affordability, return on investment, and the needs of the workplace.
10. Graduate school. For certain professions, graduate school will be mandatory. However, we caution against pinning your hopes for employment or employment advancement on a higher degree. In many fields, employers will be more impressed by skills and technical expertise than by an advanced degree.
11. Nontraditional education and training. Schools are offering more and more options for people to take education and training courses. These include night and Saturday classes, two-week to four-week, intensive-concentration short courses, workshops, continuing education courses, adult-education courses, self-directed courses, correspondence, distance learning, and Internet courses. If people want additional education and training, they likely can find what they want, at less cost, in some form of non-traditional education.
Sometimes it takes a lot of faith and courage to choose to use your gifts and follow the desires God has put in your heart. As is the case with most spiritual issues, God’s way may take a different path than what the world dictates. So, the decision to pursue additional education and training should be based on good stewardship of your talents and what is necessary to develop further those talents in the career God has given you.

B.Com Preliminary Exam Question Paper

Sem – 5: –   October 2015-16 / October 2013 – 14

Sem – 4: –   March 2013-14

Sem – 3: –   October 2015-16 / October 2014-15  /  October 2013-14

Sem – 2: –   March 2013-14

Sem – 1: –   October 2015-16 / October 2014-15 / October 2013-14

B.B.A. Preliminary Exam Question Paper

Sem 5: –  October 2015-16 / October 2014-15  / October 2013-14

Sem 4: –  March 2013-14

Sem 3: –  October 2015-16 / October 2014-15  / October 2013-14

Sem 2: –  March 2013-14

Sem 1: –   October 2015-16 / October 2014-15  / October 2013-14